Enzyme washing is a laundering process which uses enzymes to soften and finish fabric; providing jeans and other garments with a worn-in look and feel. The use of enzymes comes with various benefits both economically and environmentally. Enzyme can be used for garment washing as well as fabric washing.
Enzymes are proteins produced by living organisms. Some enzymes can be replicated in the laboratory, or engineered to perform in a specific manner. Enzyme washing is ecologically friendly due to the natural origins of enzymes, which biodegrade, instead of lingering in the water supply. Additionally, Enzyme washing products are much more potent than other laundry products, calling for far less volume in terms of quantity.
There are different types of enzymes which are suitable for treating fabric stains and fabric stain removal. In all cases, the enzyme washing process breaks the stain down into smaller molecules which can then be removed. Enzyme washing also produces a softer, more supple garment.
For delicate fabrics, enzyme washing can be an excellent way to get clothing fresh and clean without harming the garment. Enzymes also function at low temperatures, making them suitable for cold wash only fabrics. Many detergent products manufacturers blend enzymes into their formulas, to ensure that they work at all temperatures.
Clothing manufacturers often use enzyme washing to make garments appear aged and worn, especially with denim jeans making them look broken in and used. The enzymes will not affect the strength of the fabric, but they will make the denim softer and more worn looking.